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In recent times there has been an increase in the number of bed bug infestations. Bed bugs are common all over the world and have been found in Australia in small numbers. Recently they have become widespread with infestations increasing substantially in Victoria, and parts of the world, over the previous ten years. .
The main reason behind the increase is thought to be due to insecticide resistance; modern bed bugs are exceptionally resilient to many of those commonly used insecticides. Other contributing factors include the increase in world travel with bed bugs being spread in bags, shoes and clothing. Once obtained at turnover accommodation, the hitchhiking bed bugs may then be transported and brought back to the homes of guests in their own luggage.
Many hostels have now banned the usage of travellers own sleeping linen in shared accommodation for a safety precaution against this insect.
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In ancient infestations, bed bugs are found around the seams, beading and folds of mattresses, sleeping bags and sheets. As the infestation spreads, the bugs proceed to any tiny crevices, which might be in bed heads, skirting boards, cracks in plaster and bedroom furniture. Due to their color, adult bed bugs can easily be spotted with the naked eye on sheets and bedding, but very tough to see on brown wooden floors and other black surfaces.
Heavily used hiding places are evident by black or brown spots of blood excrement or spotting. There may be an offensive sweet odour when bed bugs are numerous. This odour sometimes called buggy is like the odour when a stink bug is squashed. White eggs, the egg cases and moulted skin cubes might be found near such places, as well as living bed bugs. .
Bed bugs use pheromones to communicate. This system of communication and also the launch of alarm pheromones can make them quite hard to deal with as bed bugs become awake and fast vacate the area being treated if not previously properly quarantined.
Bed More Help bugs may propagate into a new residence by traveling between multi-unit housing such as dormitories and apartment buildings. Once they find a suitable host, bed bugs will feed and are very likely to harbor in near proximity to the victim. In cases like this, new locations can quickly become infested with bed bugs in a short amount of time. .
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Different individuals have varying reactions to the bites of bed bugs, depending on a number of factors. Some individuals have little or no reaction to the sting. In others the sting site can get red and intensely itchy. This can happen during the course of the night or might take up to develop.
The red wheals may range from 2 cm to 5 cm in diameter with inflammation common. Anaphylactic shock could possibly happen in individuals that are allergic, although this is rare. .
Discomfort and reduction of sleep is common in the ramifications of bed bugs. Bites may be found on many different areas on the entire body. Another characteristic is the bites are occasionally in orderly rows, unlike the random pattern of mosquitoes. The bed insect causes these rows being disturbed during feeding and having to pierce the skin to feed again.
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Bed bugs mainly feed on humans but may feed on mammals and poultry if necessary. Even though they may carry diseases such as hepatitis they are not known to transfer such ailments to other individuals.
Bed bugs are especially problematic to treat, with absolute eradication unlikely to be achieved with a single treatment. Sprays will kill the bed bugs however, they are mostly ineffective on the eggs. Follow up inspections are constantly required and further treatments are often necessary.
The survival of mattress bug eggs is also an issue. It's not uncommon for the reside bed bugs amongst an infestation to be wholly eradicated during an effective treatment cycle, only to have the remaining or surviving eggs hatch and populate the exact location once again. The eggs can also have an incubation period up to two weeks and may be deposited in hidden areas that are tough to treat. .
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This stubborn tendency of bed bug infestations are made more problematic due to the now smaller dimensions of the newly re-emerged mattress bug nymph. Once an infestation is discovered, all adjoining rooms need to be inspected and handled if additionally affected.
This can be completed by the use of adhesive tape (if insect numbers are very little ) to trap the insect. Vacuuming is also recommended before substance treatment as it eliminates all dust and debris from the site of this infestation making it simpler for following chemical control to penetrate and in turn be effective.